December 2017 Bulletin

Debunking uOttawa’s claim that there is a financial deficit 

Every year, the University of Ottawa’s central administration claims to be facing financial difficulties. Despite this, year after year, the University ends its fiscal year with surpluses. In fact, over the last 9 years, the University has registered cumulative surpluses amounting to $347 million.

The APUO analyzed the University of Ottawa audited financial statements of the last 10 years. These documents, which are prepared as per Canadian Accounting standards, paint a picture of the University’s true financial situation based on verified revenues and expenses, and facts. Audited financial statements provide a much more objective analysis of the university’s finances. You can view a presentation on the results of the analysis here.

Framing the issue: Budgets vs. Audited Financial statements

The Central administration claimed that the University ended the last fiscal year with a budgetary deficit of $5.1 million.  It’s important to keep in mind that a budget is a future projection of planned revenues and spending, requires and receives no third-party oversight, and is built upon assumptions decided by the Central administration itself. A budget is nothing more than a document that articulates an organisation’s priorities, by demonstrating where they will allocate financial resources.

The reality is that the University’s own audited financial statements indicate a $48.6 million surplus ($12.1 million excluding unrealized gains) for the 2016-2017 fiscal year. Following the analysis of the audited financial statements, the only reasonable conclusion we can make is that the University is in excellent financial shape.

Manufactured crisis

The Central administration is manufacturing a financial crisis. This serves as a pretext to hike tuition fees, impose cuts across campus, and give campus unions a difficult time during collective bargaining.

If the central administration is truly concerned about its financial situation, there are alternatives to another austerity budget. The university could reduce capital acquisition expenses by slowing down the rate of construction, or shuffle some of the Internally Restricted Funds into the operational budget to keep it afloat (these subjects are explained in details in the presentation).

If you wish to analyze the University of Ottawa’s financial statements, they are available here.

To look at the University of Ottawa budgets, click here.

The Equity, Diversity and Inclusion Committee progress update for 2016-2017

The Association of Professors of the University of Ottawa (APUO) wishes to thank members of the Equity, Diversity and Inclusion Committee (EDIC), a joint committee comprised of APUO members and members appointed by the employer, for their work on equity and hiring practices at the University of Ottawa. In November, the committee updated the APUO and the Employer on the progress of their work for the 2016-2017 academic year.

While their update highlights some key areas for improvement concerning gender representation and equity, the APUO is disappointed with the fact that the Employer refused to provide EDIC access to data to analyze the representation of visible minorities, aboriginal persons, and persons with disabilities. Unfortunately, the APUO is unsurprised by the gaps in the information provided to EDIC, and we suspect that this is an attempt to cover up campus inequities as it relates to the lack of diversity amongst professors.

We urge the employer to make available to the EDIC the data about professors of visible minority groups, aboriginal professors, and professors with disabilities. It is crucial that this data be examined to identify gaps in equity and inclusivity on campus, and to find meaningful ways to address shortfalls in equitable representation amongst professors at the University of Ottawa.

As the APUO prepares for the beginning of the next round of collective bargaining, we value the findings of the EDIC and look forward to identifying concrete solutions to address inequities with the employer.

Below is a summary of the findings of the EDIC regarding gender equity as it relates to representation, pay, and time to promotion.

Gender Representation

As stated in section of the Collective Agreement, a unit (department, faculty or school) is considered as having an under-representation of women, or an under-representation of men, if the proportion of one gender or the other is below 40%. In other words, for the purposes of the EDIC’s analysis, gender balance is considered to be achieved if the percentage of women full-time professors in a given department and faculty is between 40% and 60%.

Here are some of the highlights in the EDIC’s findings regarding gender representation in each unit.

Faculty of Arts

Overall, the representation of women among full time professors in the Faculty of Arts is 44%. The representation of women is 25% in the Deparment of linguistics, 27% in the School of Music, 27% in the Department of Philosophy, 33% in the Département de Français, and 37% in the Department of Communication. Gender representation is balanced in the departments of English, Geography, History, Classics and Religious studies, Theatre, in the School of Translation and Interpretation, and in the Deparment of Modern Languages where the representation of women is 40%, 41%, 42%, 43%, 44%, 45%, and 50% respectively. There is an under-representation of men in the Department of Visual Arts, the School of Information Sciences, and the Institute of Official Languages and Bilingualism where 70%, 75% and 88% of professors are women.

Telfer School of Management

Women at the Telfer School of Management are under-represented making up 37% of full-time professors.

Faculty of Education

In the Faculty of Education, gender representation is considered balanced, with 56% of professors being women.

Faculty of Engineering

In the Faculty of Engineering, there is an under-representation of women who only make up 21% of full-time professors. Women represent 15% of full-time professors in the department of Civil Engineering, 18% in the department of Mechanical Engineering, 20% in the School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, and 38% in the department of Chemical and Biological Engineering.

Faculty of Medicine

In the Faculty of Medicine, women are under-represented and make up 33% of full-time professors. Women are under-represented in the Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Immunology, as well as the Depertment of Cellular and Molecular Medicine making up 24% and 25% of full-time professors respectively. The representation of women in the Department of Innovation in Medical Education and in the School of Epidemiology and Public Health is balanced at 50% and 58% respectively.

Faculty of Health Sciences

There is an overall under-representation of men in the Faculty of Health Sciences with women making up 65% of full-time professors. In the School of Human Kinetics and the School of Nutrition Sciences, gender representation is balanced with women making up 44% and 60% of full-time faculty. In the Interdisciplinary school  of Health Sciences, the School of Nursing, and the School of Rehabilitation Sciences, there is an under-representation of men, who only make up 36%, 21%, and 19% of full-time professors.

Common Law & Civil Law

There is a gender balance representation in the Faculty of Law,  Common Law Section and Civil Law Section, with 54% and 52% of full-time professors being women.

Faculty of Social Sciences

Overall, 45% of Full-Time professors in the Faculty of Social Sciences are women. There is an under-representation of women in the Department of Economics, the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, the School of International Development and Global Studies, and the School of Political Studies, with women making up 24%, 31%, 32% and 36% respectively. The School of Social Work, the School of Sociological and Anthropological Studies, the School of Psychology, and the Department of Criminology have a balanced gender representation among professors at 43%, 52%, 52%, and 56%.

Faculty of Science

In the Faculty of Science, women are under-represented, making up only 22% of all full-time professors. The Department of Physics has the lowest representation of women across the university at 9%. In the departments of Mathematics and Statistics, Chemistry and Biomolecular Sciences, Biology, and Earth and Environmental Sciences, women representation among full-time professors is at 22%, 25%, 26% and 29% respectively.

The following table was produced by the EDIC and lists all University of Ottawa units.

Total faculty and % representation of women by faculty and department
Distribution by Gender across Departments

Gender representation in comparison to the labour market

Article of the Collective Agreement also states that a department that hasn’t reached a gender balance should aim to have 5% points above the proportion of women or men, as the case may be, in the labour market. The proportion of women and men in the labour market is normally determined by the number of PhDs in the relevant discipline awarded by Canadian Universities in the last five years. For example, if 23% of recent PhD graduates in Canada are women, then the target range for women based on the market would be 28% through 60%. For programs or discipline where recent PhD graduates exceeds 60%, the target would be 5% below the labour market. For example, if 93% of recent PhD graduates in Nursing are women, then the target range for women would be 40-88%.

Based on these criteria, the EDIC did a deeper analysis of gender representation within departments that don’t meet the 40 % threshold discussed above.

The following departments continue to fall short of the 5% points above the proportion of women on the labour market target:

  • Department of Physics
  • Department of Linguistics
  • Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Sciences
  • Department of Biology
  • Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of Mathematics and Statistics
  • Graduate School of Public and International Affairs
  • Department of Civil Engineering
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Département de français
  • Department of Philosophy
  • School of Music
  • School of Political Studies
  • Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences
  • Telfer School of Management
  • Department of Communication

The School of Nursing, the Official Languages and Bilingualism Institute, and the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, are within the target range in terms of gender representation in comparison to the labour market.

The Interdisciplinary school  of Health Sciences, the department of Visual Arts, the School of Rehabilitation Sciences, the Institute of Feminist and Gender Studies, and the School of Information Studies all continue to have an underrepresentation of men in comparison to the labour market.

The following table was produced by the EDIC.

Representation of women by faculty and department compared to recent PhD graduates in the field in Canada

Pay Equity

According to the EDIC’s analysis, the salary gap has been decreasing across all ranks. However, we must remember that this progress doesn’t address the cumulative impact of the year-over-year gender gap when it comes to both salaries and pensions. The gender salary gap for Full Professors has decreased between 1995 and 2016 from -9.4% in favor of men to -2.3%. At the Associate Professor level, the gap decreased from -9.4% in favour of men in 1995 to -1.2% in 2016. The gender salary gap has only favoured women when there have been just as many or more women in a given department.

Gender promotion gap

When looking at the average time to promotion between men and women from Assistant professor to Associate rank the gap narrowed on average from 1 year and 10 months in 2001 to 11 months in 2004. When looking at the difference in time to promotion between men and women from Associate to Full professor rank, the EDIC notes a significant difference in the Faculty of Education, where women can wait 9 years and 7 months longer than men for their promotion. In the Faculty of Medicine, women have been promoted from Associate to Full professor rank 6 years later than men. On the other hand, in the Faculty of Science, women have been promoted from Associate to Full professor rank 3 years and 6 months earlier than men.

We hope you find this bulletin useful. For more information, you can visit our website at, reach us by email, or by phone 613-230-2659

Submit final grades

Dear APUO members,

It has recently come to our attention that the employer sent APUO members in some faculties incorrect information regarding the submission of grades. The employer’s recent message indicated that professors must “submit … final grades in uoCampus. Final grades submitted by email or paper copy will not be accepted.” (Email dated April 17, 2017).

This message contradicts the Faculty Center Guide in uoCampus. Since APUO has no way of knowing who received this message, the Executive felt that it was in the best interest of all members to be aware that the guide states the following:

There are three ways to submit your final grades:

  • Enter grades directly into the Grade Roster of your Faculty Center.
  • Submit an Excel file to your faculty, department or school. This file can originate from the Faculty Center (Class List or Grade Roster) or Blackboard Learn (Grade Center).
  • Upload a file containing grades for a class to the Grade Roster in your Faculty Center (University of Ottawa, Faculty Center Guide, 19).

Clearly the email message quoted above contradicts the options available to you. Though members may have already submitted grades this semester, for those who still have grades to submit, please be aware that you have the options listed above.

Thank you,

The Executive committee

Election Result- APUO President

Dear APUO members,

Following the counting of votes by the APUO administrative team, in front of the Nominations and Elections Committee, as well as the two candidates, we are announcing the results of the first ever APUO presidential election.

  • 432 valid ballots were received by 4:00 PM on April 25 2017;
  • Professor Richard Blute received 216 votes (50%);
  • Professor Susan Spronk received 216 votes (50%).

Professors Blute and Spronk both accept the electoral results and have agreed to be APUO co-presidents on an interim basis. We remind you to come out in large numbers to the Annual General Meeting which will be held at 1 p.m. tomorrow,Thursday April 27, 2017,  in the auditorium (150) in Marion Hall for the election of the six (6) remaining contested Executive Committee positions. You may view the list of candidates in the email the APUO sent a few weeks ago (

The Nominations and Elections Committee

Selection Vice-President Academic and Provost

The following was sent by Jennifer Dekker, APUO President on February 9, 2017 to Jacques Frémont, uOttawa President regarding the selection committee for the new Vice-President Academic and Provost.

Dear President Frémont,

Last fall, I raised the issue of the composition of the selection committee for the new Vice- President Academic and Provost with you. The basis of my concern was that there was not a single non-administrative professor on the selection committee, thereby silencing the voices of APUO members in the selection process. In the context of the issues around decision-making and governance that the APUO Executive raised with you last summer, I found this very troubling. You were not able to rectify the composition of the selection committee at that time, but gave your word that you would add APUO professors in the selection process of all senior administrative positions going forward. It is important for APUO members to be represented on such selection committees because we have a very different perspective than administrators. We report to administrators and work under their leadership and direction. We are therefore subject to their decisions, management styles, resource allocation and sometimes their arbitrariness with respect to the above. This, combined with the fact that there are no APUO member professors on the committee should motivate the selection committee to conduct an impeccable assessment of the short listed candidates, taking care to ensure that the person who is selected will be acceptable to APUO members.

While APUO does not have an official voice on the selection committee, our members spoke loudly and clearly last year when we conducted our “Evaluation of Senior Administrators,” one of whom was the Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences. Although the APUO Executive outlined the issues when you met with us last summer, nothing has been done regarding the disturbing details that professors reported in our survey. In case you were not privy to these, I have attached the summary of the quantitative data and some of the qualitative data that we received to this email. I would strongly encourage you to take this feedback on the Dean’s performance if the selection committee for the V-P Academic and Provost is considering this Dean’s candidacy.

Please accept this letter of concern as a reflection of the anxiety that our members in Health Sciences and other faculties experience when they hear rumours that Dean Perrault is being considered for one of the most important roles in our university. The fact that the Dean has made herself inaccessible to most professors in her Faculty, is alleged to have unfairly deprived some of resources while enriching others, refuses to acknowledge the importance of bilingualism, and is said to have engaged in workplace harassment and bullying – which the administration, contrary to Ontario workplace law, has never investigated – is of grave concern.

With all due respect,

Jennifer Dekker
APUO President

Letter to Jacques Frémont: no APUO-appointed professors on budget committee

(sent by email)

January 4, 2017



Mr. Jacques Frémont


Office of the President

University of Ottawa

550 Cumberland, room 212

Ottawa, Ontario



Dear Mr. Frémont,


I’m writing to you on behalf of APUO, which represents 1,310 professors and librarians at the University of Ottawa. I was pleased to hear that you created a new Budget Committee that will analyse the uOttawa budget using an academic-oriented, long-term outlook. I was also pleased to hear that the committee will include two professors although, unfortunately, these were chosen by the Administration Committee without consultation.


Since you suggested to me that you wanted the APUO to support this initiative, allow me to suggest that inviting the APUO to appoint the two professors, instead of the Administration Committee, would have been a much stronger demonstration that our input is valuable to you. It is important that the new Budget Committee is independent and appear independent of the Central Administration. While appointing professors is a good step, nominations from the Administration Committee are detrimental to that. While we are very disappointed that the professors were appointed without consulting us, we still wanted to share with you the names of professors that we would have appointed. We invite you to reconsider your decision and add two additional professors to the Committee. If this is impossible, we invite you to at least hold on to these nominations in the event that future vacancies may arise.


Therefore, I am pleased to provide you the following APUO members as candidates to the new Budget Committee:

  • Tyler Chamberlin, Associate Professor at the Telfer School of Business
  • Christian Rouillard, Full Professor at the Faculty of Social Sciences


I sincerely hope that you will take these appointments into consideration and provide space for meaningful consultation with us in the future, so that we may give strong support to this initiative and work together on a budget that is both based on independent reflection and consistent with academic values.




Jennifer Dekker

President, APUO

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Open letter of support to Yasmine Mehdi



November 21, 2016


Dear Yasmine,


It has come to the attention of the APUO that you have been targeted by racist, xenophobic, islamophobic and sexist bullying since the publication of your article in the Rotonde about rape culture on campus at the University of Ottawa. We are outraged and would like to acknowledge and support you in this difficult time.


Your report was solid, well documented and pertained to an issue that should be of serious concern to all members of the university community. As a journalist, you have the duty to cover public interest stories such as this one – as contentious as it may be – and the right to do so without being a victim of intimidation and harassment. Rape culture is a very worrying issue on North American university campuses and we have a right to expect that the University of Ottawa’s administration would be accountable towards this issue. Therefore we fully support your demand for an inquiry.


The situation you are experiencing is absolutely unacceptable. Please know that we appreciate the work that you do and support you in seeking justice.


In solidarity,



Jennifer Dekker,

President, APUO



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